Karmanov V. N. New data on the housebuilding of populaton of the far North-Eastern Europe in early Metal age (.pdf)

 

The article is devoted to the new data on the housebuilding of population of the Far North-Eastern Europe in the Early Metal Age. The data were obtained from the excavation of the dwelling no. 5 of the Vadnyur I site situated at the Vychegda river (Syktyvkar, the Komi Republic). In addition to traditional components of semi-subterranean dwellings of the Early Metal Age (six fireplaces, a hearth pit, an entrance), the remains of three channels were found. Those components were oval depressions in terms of shape, and their size was 0,58–0,64x2,80–3,69 m, and the depth was from 0,30 to 0,45 m. The sediments filling them were presented by ocher-coloured sand. The wood charcoal, fragments of pottery, and stone items were found within that filling. The findings were connected with the fireplaces and heating and ventilation system of living space. On the basis of the morphology of flint tools and the typology of ceramics, the studied complex is attributed to the early period of the Chuzhyael’skaya archaeological culture. The radiocarbon dating of wood charcoal fragments excavated from the dwelling yielded four radiocarbon dates, and the calibrated values correspond to the period of 3376–2904 BC, or the second half of the 4th and the beginning of the 3d millennium BC. Similar sites found in Northern Eurasia indicate that the use of the studied organization of living space in the cultures of the Neolithic and the Early Metal Age was sporadic and due to climatic factors and local traditions.

 

Key words: archaeology, Early Metal Age, settlement, housebuilding, the Far North-Eastern Europe.

 

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