Mitroshin E. N., Lychagina E. L., Poplevko G. N. Comprehensive analysis of lithic inventory of the Ogurdino settlement (.pdf)
The Ogurdino settlement is the largest and best-known Mesolithic site in the Kama region. Otto N. Bader used the stone inventory of the Ogurdino settlement in order to characterize the developed stage of the Kama Mesolithic culture. The article presents the results of typological and trasological analyze of the stone inventory of the 2002 excavations. The collection consists of 374 subjects. The analysis of the Ogurdino settlement stone tools revealed the following characteristics: the use of local materials for making tools; the blade technique prevalence; the use of small and thin blades as all types of tools with the leading role of meat / fish knives; the spread of edge dorsal retouch; no bifacially-knapped or polished tools; the prevalence of tools related to butchering production and treatment of wood. The Ogurdino settlement collection is allied to the stone implements of the Neolithic sites of the Kama region by the spread of dorsal edge retouch and by prevailing complexes related to hunting and fishing. The dominance of blade industry in the Ogurdino settlement and a smaller size of tools compared with Neolithic complexes are distinguishing features of the analyzed inventory. A comprehensive analysis of stone tools from other Mesolithic sites of the region will provide an opportunity to determine whether those features are unique to the settlement or will be reflected in the materials of other settlements.
Key words: Perm region, Mesolithic, Kama culture, lithic inventory, typological analysis, trasological analysis.